Inspired by Max Berry's book, Jennifer Government, NationStates is one of the most popular online simulation games. The forum boasts over 5 million posts and 200,000 users.
The VideoLAN project produces the extremely popular VLC media player software. Their forums provide support for users of the software as well as the development community.
KDE is mainly known for producing the KDE Desktop Environment (used in Kubuntu) for Linux.
Discussion board for the massively popular xkcd web comic. Covering everything from Maths and Science to Logic Puzzles and Forum Games. Over 100k members and 2.4 Million posts.
GameServers is a premier Game Hosting company, having collaborations with big names such as Infinity Ward, Treyarch and Epic Studios.
OpenCart is popular, powerful, and easy to use shopping cart software. Their healthy community forums are powered by phpBB.