Gentoo Linux is an open source operating system built on top of the Linux kernel and based on the Portage package management system.
KDE is mainly known for producing the KDE Desktop Environment (used in Kubuntu) for Linux.
Info-Mac is a community dating back to 1984 as a mailing list and was the first online community for Apple's Macintosh computer. All of their content was converted to phpBB in 2007.
The VideoLAN project produces the extremely popular VLC media player software. Their forums provide support for users of the software as well as the development community.
Adblock Plus is one of the most popular Firefox Add-ons in the world, with over 10 Million daily users and over 100k downloads a day. They use phpBB to offer support to their users.
The Raspberry Pi is a cheap, credit-card sized computer. The official website uses phpBB for their discussion forums.